The mandate of the National Land Commission (NLC) is drawn from the National Land Policy of 2009, Constitution of Kenya 2010, National Land Commission Act, 2012, the Land Act 2012 and the Land Registration Act of 2012.
(1) Pursuant to Article 67(2) of the Constitution, the functions of the Commission shall be —
- to manage public land on behalf of the national and county governments;
- to recommend a national land policy to the national government;
- to advise the national government on a comprehensive programme for the registration of title in land throughout Kenya;
- to conduct research related to land and the use of natural resources, and make recommendations to appropriate authorities;
- to initiate investigations, on its own initiative .or on a complaint, into present or historical land injustices, and recommend appropriate redress;
- to encourage the application of traditional dispute resolution mechanisms in land conflicts;
- to assess tax on land and premiums on immovable property in any area designated by law; and
- to monitor and have oversight responsibilities over land use planning throughout the country.
(2) Under the National Land Commission Act, the Commission shall:
- on behalf of, and with the consent of the national and county governments, alienate public land;
- monitor the registration of all rights and interests in land;
- ensure that public land and land under the management of designated state agencies are sustainably managed for their intended purpose and for future generations;
- develop and maintain an effective land information management system at national and county levels;
- manage and administer all unregistered trust land and unregistered community land on behalf of the county government; and
- develop and encourage alternative dispute resolution mechanisms in land dispute handling and management.
(3) The Commission shall ensure that all unregistered land is registered within ten years from the commencement of this Act. Parliament may, after taking into consideration the progress of registration, extend the period set by the Commission under subsection.
(4) Within five years of the commencement of the NLC Act, the Commission, on its own motion or upon a complaint by the national or county government, a community or an individual review or grant disposition of public land to establish their propriety or legality.
(5) The Commission shall in consultation and corporation with the national and county governments, establish county land management boards for the purposes of managing public land.